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雅思考试中用美式英语还是英式英语?

DeenIELTS2018-06-24 06:33:18

雅思
考试中用中式英语还是美式英语,哪种更好一点?




很多学生对此表示困惑,有些可能会以为英式英语会好一点,因为考试出题机构是英国人。其实正确的答案是,这两种英语都是一样的,而且雅思听力考试中你会听到来自世界各地的口音,所以不要在纠结哪种英语了,先提高能力再说。


如果你更喜欢使用美式英语的拼写,那在考试的时候,不要突然变成英式的,这样就会扣分,所以这篇文章是想提醒大家,一定不要犯这种错误。


英式
英语和美式英语有什么不同?


这两种直接有许多不同,但是大体来说还是很相似的。主要的不同是在拼写、词汇还有主要的语法结构上,当然最明显的还有发音。比如,英国人更喜欢使用现在时,现在完成时,现在进行时:


British English: ’I’ve lost my bag. Have you seen them?’

American English: ’I lost my bag. Did you see them?’


另一个经典描述过去的词,英国人常用‘Got’,而美国人爱用“Gotten”


British English: ‘Your English has got much better’

American English: ‘your English has gotten much better’


还有‘take’常用在美国人的语言中,而英国人比较喜欢用‘have’

看下面这些例子


British

American

Have a Bath

Have a holiday

Have a break

Have a look

Have a rest

Take a Bath

Take a holiday

Take a break

Take a look

Take a rest


还有一个经典不同是‘Have you got…?’和“Do you have…?”英国人常用‘Have you got a car?’而如果是美国人,你会听到他说‘Do you have a car?’


下面再来看看拼写方面的不同:


British

American

Colour

Labour

Favourite

Centre

Theatre

Socialise

Apologise

Analyse

Travelling

Defence

Licence

Programme

Grey

Tyre

Aeroplane

Petrol

Car park

Lift

Biscuits

The bill (餐厅账单)

Motorway

Flat

Return Ticket

Lorry

Railway

Ground floor

Sweets

Chips

Mobile phone

Underground

Chemist

Tap

Lawyer

Rubbish

Dustbin

Secondary school

Cupboard

Nappy

Angry

Mad

Toilet

Post code

Autumn

Football

Anti clockwise

Zip

Color

Labor

Favorite

Center

Theater

Socialize

Apologize

Analyze

Traveling

Defense

License

Program

Gray

Tire

Airplane

Gasoline

Parking lot

Elevator

Cookies

The Check

Freeway

Apartment

Round Trip

Truck

Railroad

First Floor

Candy

French Fries

Cellphone

Subway

Drugstore

Faucet

Attorney

Garbage

Trash can

High School

Closet

Daiper

Mad

Crazy

Restroom

Zip code

The Fall

Soccer

Counter clockwise

Zipper



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